Under the proposed budget, funds for the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) would remain at roughly the same level as in 2017. Trump’s plan also includes adding three new agencies within the NIH, Nature reports: Two existing agencies, the National Institute of Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research and the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, would be transferred over to the NIH from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and from the CDC, respectively; and a new National Institute for Research on Safety and Quality would replace HHS’s Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
“We are. . . concerned that the president’s budget would fold the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) into the NIH,” Research!America CEO Mary Woolley says in a statement. “This is a strategic mistake that dilutes the agency’s critical mission to address waste and inefficiencies in our health care system.”
The proposal also aims to shrink the EPA’s budget by approximately 25 percent below the 2017 level. According to Nature, the plan would eliminate funds to climate change research, reorganize existing programs addressing issues such as clean water and land preservation, and allocate funds to two new items, dubbed “core mission” and “Rule of Law and Process.” This change “gives [the administration] carte blanche to do whatever they want,” Dan Costa, former head of the EPA’s air, climate, and energy research program, tells Nature.
The CDC and the Department of Education would also see budget reductions, of 12 percent and 5 percent, respectively.
Other science agencies, such the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and NASA, would see a growth in funds. The budget would give the FDA $3.3 billion, approximately $460 million more than it received in 2017, and NASA $19.9 billion, or a 1.3 percent increase. The proposal also allocates funds to fighting the opioid crisis, The New York Times reports: The Drug Enforcement Agency would receive an extra $41 million for this purpose and another $43 million would go toward fighting the opioid epidemic in schools.
Whether the proposal will pass through Congress remains to be seen. According to The New York Times, “The blueprint is largely a political statement and is unlikely to influence lawmakers, who control the federal pursestrings.”