Some are vocal in their atheism; others see no conflict between science and religion, as long as the two are kept separate.
According to philosopher Michael Ruse of the University of Guelph in Ontario, Canada, the two institutions have shared a tenuous rapport. Ruse contends that science and religion have tolerated one another; while there hasn't been all-out "warfare," he says, over the centuries there's been friction.
"I suspect that if you polled scientists, you'd probably find that they are probably less inclined than the general public to believe in a Christian God," Ruse observes.
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