The recipients of the 1997 Nobel Prizes in science, who will receive their awards on December 10, have traveled the vigorous intellectual journey of science. They all toppled old theories while building new ones. Along the way, they gained collaborations and corroboration from colleagues. They also endured skepticism, which in some cases still persists, despite their noted accomplishments.
OPTICAL MOLASSES: Stanford physicist Steven Chu developed a technique to slow atoms using lasers, mirrors, and magnets.