The 1990s have marked a new era for the national laboratories administered by the United States Department of Energy (DOE). Spurred by a mandate from President Bill Clinton, the labs are trying to adapt to a lean-budget, Cold War-free world. Should the efforts of one or more of them to change direction be deemed less than successful, the results could range from larger layoffs than the relatively minor cuts currently being discussed to full-scale shutdowns.
The Department of Energy has some 43 laboratories and weapons facilities. The nine multiprogram labs are the largest and most famous research institutions. These are the labs whose futures are being contemplated by the task force led by former Motorola Inc. chairman Robert Galvin and commissioned by Secretary of Energy Hazel O'Leary. (Figures are from 1993 unless otherwise stated.)
Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Ill.
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