Researchers at the University of Buffalo and its Hauptman- Woodward Medical Research Institute have developed a computer program--used in conjunction with a software package developed by Houston-based Molecular Structure Corp.--that will solve the structure of large biomolecules. The program is called Shake-and-Bake, after Shake 'n' Bake, the popular one-step cooking preparation, because its creators claim that it can determine the structure of complex molecules on a standard computer workstation with almost no user assistance. (According to institute researchers, the name violates no copyright laws because of the slight spelling change.) "Shake- and-Bake solves molecular structures like a black box, with no human intervention, given data with sufficient resolution," says Nobel chemistry laureate Herbert Hauptman, president of the institute and a professor of computer science at...

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