Want to take a cruise in the Black Sea? Short of defecting to the Soviet Union, the best way may be to join up with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. The institution’s research vessel Know the first U.S. ship to enter the Black Sea in 13 years, is in the middle of a planned series of six trips to the Soviet body of water. Its scientists are using the radioactive fallout from the Chernobyl disaster to study circulation patterns and chemical processes in the sea. Meanwhile, back in San Diego, the institution ran into a spot of trouble; the R.V. Atlantis II was temporarily impounded when one of its crew was found to be in possession of marijuana.

Battelle Memorial Institute predicts that total expenditures for research and development in the United States this year will be $131.5 billion, up from an estimated $123 billion last year. This represents an...

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