Maternity leave and childcare go hand in hand as factors that women carefully consider when making plans about their career and family. Governments around the world have taken different approaches to mandating maternity leave that works for the family and the economy. See how US policy on maternity leave compares to a few other countries.
In Europe, mandatory leave is 14 weeks, though nearly every EU country offers time extensions (table reflects total time given per country). In Denmark, for example, a parent can take up to 52 weeks off for childcare, with 60% of their unemployment benefit paid, up to the child's 8th birthday. In the US, the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 mandates that employees are allowed 12 weeks of leave, unpaid. However, many employers, particularly in biotechnology and pharmaceuticals, offer paid packages.
|Country||Maternity Leave (weeks)||Percent...|
In Germany, 85% of eligible families use their parental leave, but only 5% of eligible fathers take paternity leave. In Lithuania, which, at 55.5%, has the highest proportion of female scientists in the European Union, 99% of parents who took parental leave were female. In Slovenia, fathers are entitled to 90 days paternity leave.
In many European countries, parents pay childcare fees based on a percentage of their income. In Latvia, where over 50% of scientists are women, mothers receive 16 weeks of maternity leave and parents only pay for child care meals. In Sweden, like most other Scandinavian countries, childcare is considered a right, with guaranteed access to childcare for children under the age of 12 and a maximum fee of ¤140 per month (about 185 dollars).
Each year Working Mother magazine selects the top 100 mother-friendly places to work. Two companies on that list, AstraZeneca and Bristol-Myers Squibb, for example, offer eight weeks of paid maternity leave. At the only two universities that made the 2007 list, Cornell University and Harvard University, new mothers can take 10 and 12 weeks, respectively, of partially-paid leave.