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Embryonic vs somatic mutation

Discussion of the potential of using pluripotent stem cells for tissue transplantation has raised issues about the frequency and types of spontaneous mutation in these cells. In the March 19 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Rachel Cervantes and colleagues from the University of Cincinnati, Ohio, report a study of spontaneous and induced mutagenic events in murine embryonic stem (ES) cells (Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2002, 99:3586-3590).Cervantes et al. used a murine model with a disr

Jonathan Weitzman(jonathanweitzman@hotmail.com)

Discussion of the potential of using pluripotent stem cells for tissue transplantation has raised issues about the frequency and types of spontaneous mutation in these cells. In the March 19 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Rachel Cervantes and colleagues from the University of Cincinnati, Ohio, report a study of spontaneous and induced mutagenic events in murine embryonic stem (ES) cells (Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2002, 99:3586-3590).

Cervantes et al. used a murine model with a disrupted marker gene encoding adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT), allowing analysis of uniparental disomy or loss of heterozygosity. They found that the spontaneous mutation frequencies were significantly lower (100-fold less) in ES cells than in somatic fibroblast cells. While many spontaneous mutations lead to loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in both cell types, the mechanisms differed. LOH in fibroblasts was the result of mitotic recombination, while the ES cells had...

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