Investigators may have uncovered the general mechanism that governs RNA polymerase movement, they report in the January 28 issue of
The finding "provides a framework for understanding how numerous external regulatory signals converge to change the properties of the RNA polymerase active site," co-author Evgeny Nudler of New York University told
Nudler and colleagues explored RNA polymerase's F bridge helix at its elongation complex's catalytic center. In 2001, Roger Kornberg at Stanford University and colleagues suggested the F bridge drives the enzyme forward by switching between its bent and straight conformations.
Using a genetic screen, the researchers isolated two mutations in