A University of Pennsylvania research team has shown that it can kill tumor cells in mice by necrosis, rather than by inducing apoptosis, by giving them alkylating agents that block their energy supply. The authors of the study, which appears in the advanced online edition of
Craig Thompson and colleagues at the university's Abramson Family Cancer Research Institute bred mice to be deficient in two genes that help regulate death by apoptosis, p53, and BCL-2. In a series of experiments, the team proved that alkylating agents caused necrotic death in the tumor cells, according to the report.
The group also showed that providing another source of energy to both apoptotic-deficient tumor cells and tumors from wildtype apoptotic-competent mice prevented both groups of cells from dying, according to the article.