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Primitive microbe enlightens evolution

Single-celled choanoflagellates have a unique receptor tyrosine kinase that may be linked to the origin of multicellular animals.

Tudor Toma(t.toma@ic.ac.uk)

Choanoflagellates are primitive microorganisms whose evolutionary roots can be traced to the era of the first multicellular animals (metazoans). In December 18 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Nicole King and Sean Carroll from University of Wisconsin show for the first time that single-celled choanoflagellates have a receptor tyrosine kinase that is not found in other eukaryotes and that may be linked to the origin of metazoa.

King and Carroll compared expressed genes from choanoflagellates and animals to study the early evolution of metazoan genomes. They found in Monosiga brevicollis the first receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) identified outside of the metazoa, MBRTK1. The architecture of MBRTK1 — which includes multiple extracellular ligand-binding domains — resembles that of RTKs in sponges and humans and suggests the ability to receive and transduce signals (Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2001, 98:15032-15037).

"We believe we can discover in this organism...

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