Computational Sciences

COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCES BY BRUCE G. BUCHANAN Department of Computer Science University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, Pa. " Scientists rely on information, and information management in this century now necessarily involves computers. Yet many scientists are frustrated in attempts to use computers for communicating with colleagues, analyzing data, and otherwise carrying out research. Are report, commissioned by the National Academy of Sciences, examines the use of information technologies (mostly c

Bruce Buchanan
May 14, 1989

COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCES

BY BRUCE G. BUCHANAN
Department of Computer Science
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pa.

" Scientists rely on information, and information management in this century now necessarily involves computers. Yet many scientists are frustrated in attempts to use computers for communicating with colleagues, analyzing data, and otherwise carrying out research. Are report, commissioned by the National Academy of Sciences, examines the use of information technologies (mostly computers and networks) in science and examines various impediments to their use. Several recommendations areoffered for policy makers, managers, and scientists.

National Academy of Sciences, Information Technology and the Conduct ofResearch, Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1989.

"Search is the fundamental paradigm of artificial intelligence programs, with complex problems involving search through many millions of nodes in a search space. Thus there is a continual need to examine methods of making search more efficient. The SUPREM architecture combines large searches with powerful...

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