All the scientists on earth should unite to devote the best of their energies and abilities to abolish the use of science for destructive purposes, to persuade the governments, as well as the applied scientists themselves, not to engage in wrong uses of science, to spread right understanding over the world, to stop the arms race, to immediately destroy all dangerous weapons and to implement an international supervision of disarmament. Of course these are tremendously different tasks, but scientists have been able to solve more difficult problems, when there was real enthusiasm and interest involved. The essential thing is that science must go hand in hand with high level ethics, based on goodness and understanding of the unity of mankind. Of course, as a first step military funding should be rejected, groups indulging in work for war purposes should be excluded from scientific societies and universities, while young students refusing...

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