cigarette smoking, disease & medicine, developmental biology
Image of the Day: Fragile Brain
Image of the Day: Fragile Brain
The Scientist Staff | Oct 3, 2017
In Fragile X syndrome—a genetic mishap that results in cognitive delays—the lack of a translation-repressing protein leads to the rampant accumulation of other proteins in the mouse brain.
Macrophages Are the Ultimate Multitaskers
Macrophages Are the Ultimate Multitaskers
Claire Asher | Oct 1, 2017
From guiding branching neurons in the developing brain to maintaining a healthy heartbeat, there seems to be no job that the immune cells can’t tackle.
Infographic: Macrophages Around the Body
Infographic: Macrophages Around the Body
Claire Asher | Sep 30, 2017
In addition to circulating in the blood as immune sentinels, macrophages play specialized roles in different organs around the body.
Water Level in a Cell Can Determine Its Fate
Water Level in a Cell Can Determine Its Fate
Kerry Grens | Sep 27, 2017
Adding or removing water changes how stem cells differentiate.
CRISPR Used in Human Embryos to Probe Gene Function
CRISPR Used in Human Embryos to Probe Gene Function
Ashley P. Taylor | Sep 20, 2017
OCT4 is necessary for blastocyst formation in the human embryo, researchers report.
Sea Anemones Illuminate the Evolution of Embryo Development
Sea Anemones Illuminate the Evolution of Embryo Development
Abby Olena | Sep 11, 2017
A study of a simple marine animal suggests that the common ancestor of cnidarians and bilaterians may have had three germ layers instead of two.
Fingerprints of Ongoing Human Evolution Found
Fingerprints of Ongoing Human Evolution Found
Shawna Williams | Sep 5, 2017
Genetic variants in Alzheimer’s- and smoking-related genes appear to be under selection pressure, according to a study comparing the genomes of old and young participants.
Smoking on a Chip
Smoking on a Chip
The Scientist Staff | Aug 31, 2017
A new device from the Wyss Institute at Harvard University simulates the effects of cigarette smoke on human lungs.
Zika Linked to More Neurological Problems in Adults
Zika Linked to More Neurological Problems in Adults
Kerry Grens | Aug 14, 2017
A review of several dozen hospitalized patients in Brazil finds neurological conditions, including inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, in addition to Guillain-Barre syndrome.
Snake Sex Determination Dogma Overturned
Snake Sex Determination Dogma Overturned
Abby Olena | Jul 6, 2017
Researchers find that boas and pythons use an XY sex chromosome system, rather than the previously assumed ZW system found in some other snakes.