ENCODE, neuroscience, microbiology
Book Excerpt from <em>Natural Defense</em>
Book Excerpt from Natural Defense
Emily Monosson | Jul 16, 2017
In Chapter 3, “The Enemy of Our Enemy Is Our Friend: Infecting the Infection,” author Emily Monosson makes the case for bacteriophage therapy in the treatment of infectious disease.
Messing with the Microbiome
Messing with the Microbiome
Ruth Williams | Jul 16, 2017
Two new techniques allow researchers to manipulate the activity of gut bacteria. 
Mini-Metagenomics Leads to Microbial Discovery
Mini-Metagenomics Leads to Microbial Discovery
Abby Olena | Jul 14, 2017
Researchers develop a method that combines the strengths of shotgun metagenomics and single-cell genome sequencing in a microfluidics-based platform.
Behavior Circuits Mapped in Whole Fruit Fly Brain
Behavior Circuits Mapped in Whole Fruit Fly Brain
Anna Azvolinsky | Jul 13, 2017
Using machine learning, researchers have created extensive maps of the neuronal circuits associated with social and locomotion behaviors in the fruit fly. 
Anti-CRISPR Protein Reduces Off-Target Effects
Anti-CRISPR Protein Reduces Off-Target Effects
Diana Kwon | Jul 12, 2017
AcrIIA4, an inhibitor protein from the Listeria bacteriophage, can block DNA from binding to Cas9 during genome editing.
Electrical Stimulation Steers Neural Stem Cells
Electrical Stimulation Steers Neural Stem Cells
Ashley Yeager | Jul 3, 2017
Current can guide implanted cells away from rats’ noses toward a region deep in their brains.
Image of the Day: Gold Matter
Image of the Day: Gold Matter
The Scientist Staff | Jun 30, 2017
The white matter tracts that wind throughout this microetching are based on diffusion spectrum imaging data from a human brain, realistically portraying the circuits found within a sagittal brain section.
Memories Erased from Snail Neurons
Memories Erased from Snail Neurons
Diana Kwon | Jun 28, 2017
Scientists block particular enzymes to remove the cellular signatures associated with specific memory types.  
How Roundworms Sleep
How Roundworms Sleep
Diana Kwon | Jun 22, 2017
When Caenorhabditis elegans surrenders to slumber, the majority of its neurons fall silent.
Gut Feeling
Gut Feeling
Ruth Williams | Jun 22, 2017
Sensory cells of the mouse intestine let the brain know if certain compounds are present by speaking directly to gut neurons via serotonin.