The __Journal of Experimental Biology__ (JEB) has issued the first retraction in its 85 year history, the journal reported in an linkurl:editorial; and a linkurl:retraction; notice in its December 1 issue. Although the authors' institution told JEB their reuse of images was a careless error, the journal's editor-in-chief called it a case of outright fraud. The linkurl:retracted paper; -- published by Yideng Jiang, a molecular biologist at linkurl:Ningxia Medical College; in Yinchuan, China, and his colleagues in the March 15, 2008 issue of the journal -- investigated the effects of the amino acid-like compound linkurl:homocysteine; on the accumulation of cholesterol-rich macrophages known as linkurl:foam cells.; A reader alerted the journal's editor-in-chief, linkurl:Hans Hoppeler,; a physiologist at the University of Bern in Switzerland, that "he had seen similar plots in other papers," Hoppeler told __The Scientist__. "We tracked that, and it was quite obvious that the same plot was used in...

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