The __Journal of Experimental Biology__ (JEB) has issued the first retraction in its 85 year history, the journal reported in an linkurl:editorial;http://jeb.biologists.org/cgi/content/full/211/23/3651 and a linkurl:retraction;http://jeb.biologists.org/cgi/content/full/211/23/3764 notice in its December 1 issue. Although the authors' institution told JEB their reuse of images was a careless error, the journal's editor-in-chief called it a case of outright fraud. The linkurl:retracted paper;http://jeb.biologists.org/cgi/content/abstract/211/6/911 -- published by Yideng Jiang, a molecular biologist at linkurl:Ningxia Medical College;http://www.nxmc.edu.cn/ in Yinchuan, China, and his colleagues in the March 15, 2008 issue of the journal -- investigated the effects of the amino acid-like compound linkurl:homocysteine;http://www.the-scientist.com/article/display/11660/ on the accumulation of cholesterol-rich macrophages known as linkurl:foam cells.;http://www.the-scientist.com/article/display/11882/ A reader alerted the journal's editor-in-chief, linkurl:Hans Hoppeler,;http://www.uniurb.it/meeting-smotorie/Hoppeler.htm a physiologist at the University of Bern in Switzerland, that "he had seen similar plots in other papers," Hoppeler told __The Scientist__. "We tracked that, and it was quite obvious that the same plot was used in...
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