Disease Returns to Second Child “Cured” of HIV

Like the Mississippi child that was thought to have beaten HIV after aggressive anti-retroviral treatment, detectable levels of the virus return in an Italian child who received similar therapy.

Bob Grant
Bob Grant

Bob Grant is Editor in Chief of The Scientist, where he started in 2007 as a Staff Writer.

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Oct 5, 2014

Scanning electromicrograph of an HIV-infected T cellWIKIMEDIA, NIAIDHIV has reappeared in an Italian toddler who received early and aggressive anti-retroviral treatments, after which doctors thought they had eradicated the virus, according to a report published Saturday (October 4) in The Lancet. The case echoes findings that came to light earlier this year regarding a young girl in Mississippi whose HIV infection returned after the virus had been absent from her body for about four years. She, too, had been given anti-retroviral treatment soon after birth. The treatments were stopped in both children, who were born HIV positive, after the virus stopped turning up in detectable levels in their blood.

“Although there are a large number of antiviral medications to control HIV, a cure hasn’t been found,” Sanjaya Senanayake, an infectious diseases physician at the Australian National University Medical School in Canberra who did not treat either child,...

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