Menu

Fruit Bats Argue Using Nuanced Communication

Audio recordings of bats hashing out disputes reveals that their calls are laden with information about identity and intent.

Dec 29, 2016
Ben Andrew Henry

FLICKR, SHELLAC

Bat caves are noisy places, and bats are sociable creatures. But a study published December 22 in Scientific Reports suggests that bats convey nuanced social information through the ruckus of chirps and calls, and that this communication is a learned, rather than innate, skill.

“When you enter a bat cave, you hear a lot of ‘gibberish,’ a cacophony of aggressive bat noise,” lead author Yossi Yovel of Tel Aviv University said in a press release. “Previous research presumed that most bat communication was based on screaming and shouting. We wanted to know how much information was actually conveyed.”

Yovel and colleagues recorded all of the sounds emitted by a group of 22 Egyptian fruit bats (Rousettus aegyptiacus) in an artificial cave for more than two months. A machine-learning algorithm then catalogued the vocalizations into a library of bat communication. Analyzing the data set, the researchers found bat calls carried information about the identity of the bat making a call, the intended recipient of the call, and the context of the encounter.

“We have shown that a big bulk of bat vocalizations that previously were thought to all mean the same thing, something like ‘get out of here!’ actually contain a lot of information,” Yovel told The Guardian.

Of the 15,000 vocalizations recorded, the team’s analysis revealed that a majority of the chatter pertained to squabbles over food, disputes for space on which to sleep or perch, or conflict related to mating.

The Tel Aviv team’s technique could lead to an understanding of the full breadth of bat communication, ecologist Kate Jones of University College, London, who was not involved with the study, told The Guardian. “It is like a Rosetta stone to getting into [the bats’] social behaviors.”

September 2018

The Muscle Issue

The dynamic tissue reveals its secrets

Marketplace

Sponsored Product Updates

StemExpress LeukopakâNow Available in Frozen Format

StemExpress LeukopakâNow Available in Frozen Format

StemExpress, a Folsom, California based leading supplier of human biospecimens, announces the release of frozen Peripheral Blood Leukopaks. Leukopaks provide an enriched source of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with low granulocyte and red blood cells that can be used in a variety of downstream cell-based applications.

New Antifade Mounting Media from Vector Laboratories Enhances Immunofluorescence Applications

New Antifade Mounting Media from Vector Laboratories Enhances Immunofluorescence Applications

Vector Laboratories, a leader in the development and manufacture of labeling and detection reagents for biomedical research, introduces VECTASHIELD® Vibrance™ – antifade mounting media that delivers significant improvements to the immunofluorescence workflow.

Best Practices for Sample Preparation and Lipid Extraction from Various Samples

Best Practices for Sample Preparation and Lipid Extraction from Various Samples

Download this white paper from Bertin Technologies to learn how to extract and analyze lipid samples from various models!

Bio-Rad Launches CHT Ceramic Hydroxyapatite XT Media and Nuvia HP-Q Resin for Process Protein Purification

Bio-Rad Launches CHT Ceramic Hydroxyapatite XT Media and Nuvia HP-Q Resin for Process Protein Purification

Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc. (NYSE: BIO and BIOb), a global leader of life science research and clinical diagnostic products, today announced the launch of two new chromatography media for process protein purification: CHT Ceramic Hydroxyapatite XT Media and Nuvia HP-Q Resin.