Killer Jelly Found in Australian Waters

The newly discovered species of Irukandji jellyfish can cause stroke and heart failure in humans it stings.

Bob Grant
Bob Grant

Bob Grant is Editor in Chief of The Scientist, where he started in 2007 as a Staff Writer.

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Aug 11, 2014

Keesingia gigasIMAGE: JOHN TOTTERDELL/MIRG AUSTRALIAScientists have discovered a new species of venomous—and potentially lethal—jellyfish off the coast of Western Australia.

Lisa-ann Gershwin at Australia’s Marine Stinger Advisory Services discovered the new species, Keesingia gigas, after studying a specimen caught in 2013 and photographs from the 1980s. She told the Australian Associated Press (AAP) that the strangest thing about the new species is that is appears to lack tentacles. “Jellyfish always have tentacles . . . that’s how they catch their food,” she said. But the jelly featured in 30-year-old photographs of K. gigas and the specimen caught in Shark Bay by marine scientist John Keesing didn’t have them. This could be because those specimens shed their tentacles as a defense mechanism, Gershwin said. “I think more probably it does have tentacles but by random chance the specimens that we photographed and obtained don’t have them...

Gershwin discovered K. gigas and another new species that both belong to a group called Irukandji jellyfish, which can inflict painful and sometimes fatal stings. At about a meter wide, K. gigas is the largest Irukandji described to date. Irukandji jellyfish tend to be much smaller—typically about the size of a fingernail.

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Killer Jelly Found in Australian Waters

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