Menu

Life Reemerged Just Years After Dinosaur-Killing Asteroid Impact

Nutrient-rich water helped marine organisms reinhabit Chicxulub crater relatively quickly after the mass-extinction event.

May 30, 2018
Ashley Yeager

ISTOCK, SOLARSEVENLess than a decade after a 10-kilometer-wide asteroid wiped out 75 percent of life on Earth, including some dinosaur species, sea creatures started to call the impact crater home, researchers report today (May 30) in Nature. The result offers clues to how marine life may respond to a changing climate, the scientists suggest.

The new work reveals “how resilient life can be,” Gareth Collins, a planetary scientist at Imperial College London who was not involved in the research, tells Science. “Such a rapid recovery . . . is remarkable.”

Study coauthor Chris Lowry, a postdoc at the University of Texas, and colleagues made the discovery after analyzing rock samples taken from beneath Chicxulub crater, which sits in the Gulf of Mexico and was created around 66 million years ago. In the rock were microfossils—the remains of single-celled organisms such as algae.

“Microfossils let you get at this complete community picture of what’s going on,” Lowery says in university statement. “You get a chunk of rock and there’s thousands of microfossils there, so we can look at changes in the population with a really high degree of confidence . . . and we can use that as kind of a proxy for the larger scale organisms.”

The fossil record found at the crater suggests life recovered relatively quickly at the crater—in just years—compared with craters from other impacts where it took millennia for the first organisms to grow. At Chicxulub, an entire ecosystem—with diverse and productive life—took hold within 30,000 years, the team found. Part of the reason life reemerged not long after impact was because the crater is open to the Gulf of Mexico, so nutrient-rich water could circulate through, Lowry tells Science.

He notes that the quick rebound of life could give clues to how marine organisms might respond to warming temperatures, low oxygen levels, and ocean acidification caused by climate change. “It’s probably the only event that happened faster than modern climate change and pollution,” Lowery says. “It might be an important analog for the recovery of biodiversity after we finally curtail carbon dioxide emissions and pollution.”

April 2019

Will Car T Cells Smash Tumors?

New trials take the therapy beyond the blood

Marketplace

Sponsored Product Updates

Getting More Consistent Results by Knowing the Quality of Your Protein
Getting More Consistent Results by Knowing the Quality of Your Protein
Download this guide from NanoTemper to learn how to identify and evaluate the quality of your protein samples!
Myth Busting: The Best Way to Use Pure Water in the Lab
Myth Busting: The Best Way to Use Pure Water in the Lab
Download this white paper from ELGA LabWater to learn about the role of pure water in the laboratory and the advantages of in-house water purification!
Shimadzu's New Nexera UHPLC Series with AI and IoT Enhancements Sets Industry Standard for Intelligence, Efficiency and Design
Shimadzu's New Nexera UHPLC Series with AI and IoT Enhancements Sets Industry Standard for Intelligence, Efficiency and Design
Shimadzu Corporation announces the release of the Nexera Ultra High-Performance Liquid Chromatograph series, incorporating artificial intelligence as Analytical Intelligence, allowing systems to detect and resolve issues automatically. The Nexera series makes lab management simple by integrating IoT and device networking, enabling users to easily review instrument status, optimize resource allocation, and achieve higher throughput.
IDT lowers genomic barriers with powerful rhAmpSeq™ targeted sequencing system
IDT lowers genomic barriers with powerful rhAmpSeq™ targeted sequencing system
Increasing accuracy and reducing cost barriers, IDT’s innovative system delivers simple and cost-effective amplicon sequencing