“This analysis comes at a time when following the transfer of scientific knowledge into industry and the economy is a growing priority for governments and research funding agencies,” says Nature Index founder David Swinbanks in a statement. “For them, the need to demonstrate that publicly funded science is being used for society’s benefit is paramount.”
The rankings, which are based on a metric devised by Nature Index partner The Lens, combine information on the number of cited articles produced by researchers at a particular institution, and the relative contribution of individual authors to each publication. The supplement is one of many produced by Nature Index, which, since its foundation in late 2014, has amassed a database of research output from around 8,000 institutions in 150 countries.
Of the top 50 institutions identified in this year’s list, 38 are in the U.S. High-scorers beyond the top three include the University of Massachusetts Medical School (fourth), the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (fifth), and the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel (sixth).
In the statement, The Lens’s founder, Richard Jefferson, calls the effort “a first step towards ‘innovation cartography,’” adding that “it will enable scientists, investors, businesses and policy makers to make better, evidence-based choices of partnerships and pathways to deliver new products, services and practices for society.”