Free online availability of scientific articles increases the likelihood of papers getting cited, especially in the developing world and in the biomedical sciences, according to a new linkurl:study;http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/323/5917/1025 published today in __Science__.
The question of whether open access drives citations has been hotly contested among scientists, policymakers, and editors, with several recent studies coming down on different sides of the debate. In the most extensive study to date -- covering around 26 million articles from more than 8,000 journals published from 1998 to 2005 -- University of Chicago sociologist linkurl:James Evans,;http://home.uchicago.edu/~jevans/ together with neurobiology grad student linkurl:Jacob Reimer,;http://www.cinnresearch.org/Personnel/Hatsopoulos2.html found that making an article freely available on the internet increased the number of citations, but only by about 8%, which was far less than some previous claims. When the authors looked just at poorer countries, however, they found that the influence of open access was more than twice as strong. For...
__Image: Jupiter Images__
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