Menu

Plague Outbreak in Madagascar

Pneumonic plague last month claimed 10 lives in 13 days, the World Health Organization reports.

Sep 8, 2015
Karen Zusi

Y. pestis bacteria on spines in a flea’s digestive systemFLICKR, NIAIDAn outbreak of plague erupted in Madagascar last month, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported last week (September 6). Between August 17 and August 30, the country’s Ministry of Health confirmed 14 cases of pneumonic plague, including 10 deaths.

The outbreak originated in a rural township in the Moramanga district, on the eastern half of the island nation. Plague is caused by the Yersinia pestis bacteria, which are typically spread via flea bites. The disease primarily affects rodents, but humans bitten by an infected flea can also become infected. Madagascar, Peru, and the Democratic Republic of Congo are three countries where plague remains endemic, according to the WHO.

Among forms of the disease, pneumonic plague is particularly fatal; patients can die within 24 hours of contracting the pathogen. Y. pestis-infected droplets, coughed up from infected lungs, enable human-to-human transmission. If patients are diagnosed in time, antibiotics can be effective in fighting the infection during a brief window of time following symptom manifestation.

According to the WHO, health officials in Madagascar organized a national task force to contain the August outbreak—employing active case monitoring and contact tracing, preventative antibiotic administration, and increased local communication, among other epidemic-management strategies. The country has not reported any additional cases since August 27.

July/August 2019

On Target

Researchers strive to make individualized medicine a reality

Marketplace

Sponsored Product Updates

DNASTAR® announced the release of Lasergene 16 Software
DNASTAR® announced the release of Lasergene 16 Software
DNASTAR® announced the release of Lasergene 16 today, which includes a broad range of improvements in for analysis of DNA, RNA and protein sequence data, as well as new advancements for predicting and analyzing protein structures. 
Arbor Biosciences Partners with Curio Genomics for Analysis of IWGSC Wheat Exome
Arbor Biosciences Partners with Curio Genomics for Analysis of IWGSC Wheat Exome
Arbor Biosciences, a division of Chiral Technologies, Inc and worldwide leader in next generation sequencing (NGS) target enrichment, announces a partnership with Curio Genomics for bioinformatics analysis of the wheat genome.
IDT and Washington University join forces to increase access to the latest NGS technologies
IDT and Washington University join forces to increase access to the latest NGS technologies
As part of its commitment to advocate for the genomics age, Integrated DNA Technologies (IDT) aims to lower the barriers to access the latest NGS technologies.
Bio-Rad Launches Bio-Plex Pro Human Immunotherapy Panel 20-plex Multiplex Assay, a targeted tool for researching signaling networks in Immunotherapy Research
Bio-Rad Launches Bio-Plex Pro Human Immunotherapy Panel 20-plex Multiplex Assay, a targeted tool for researching signaling networks in Immunotherapy Research
Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc. (NYSE: BIO and BIOb) July 15, 2019 announced the launch of its Bio-Plex Pro Human Immunotherapy Panel 20-plex, a multiplex immunoassay that offers a targeted approach for Immunotherapy Research.