There is, however, a lot of nuance buried in the survey’s results. Here are some interesting numbers from the analysis: overall, 59 percent of respondents said that science and religion are generally “often in conflict,” while 38 percent said the two were “mostly compatible.” But when asked if science sometimes conflicts with their own religious beliefs, 68 percent of respondents answered that it does not, and 30 percent said that it does conflict. Among that 59 percent who said science and religion are often in conflict, their levels of religious observance modulated their responses to the question. Only 50 percent of people who attend religious services at least weekly said that science and religion are often in conflict, while 73 percent of people who seldom or never attend religious services found conflict. “It is the least religiously observant Americans who are most likely to perceive conflict between science and religion,” Cary Funk, associate director for research at the Pew Research Center, said in a statement.
Further, religious affiliation and worship service attendance only come into play for a couple of key scientific issues—human evolution and the birth of the universe. People’s religious differences do not seem to play a big role in explaining their positions on other hot-button issues, such as climate change, genetically modified foods, and government investment in science. “People expect to see more difference between religious groups on these science topics,” Funk added. “Maybe there are not as many areas where there’s as large a religious difference as people were assuming.”