“Where you grow that particular grapevine is the most important characteristic shaping which bacteria will colonize the plant,” study coauthor Jack Gilbert, a microbial ecologist at Argonne National Laboratory, said in a press release.
The idea of “terroir”—that the land shapes a wine’s qualities—is an old one, but Gilbert said that the microbiome is not usually included as one of the influencing factors. “From the wine industry’s perspective, terroir comes from the plant’s physiology, the chemical nature of the grapes, and the yeast that do the fermenting work,” he said. “We don’t have evidence that bacteria are specifically contributing to terroir, but our next step is to figure out how those bacteria are affecting the chemistry of the plant.”
Hat tip: Science News