Supplement: Top Autoimmune Diseases

Top Autoimmune Diseases DISEASE AGE OF ONSET IMPACTED TISSUES SYMPTOMS MECHANISM CURRENT TREATMENT Addison's disease Children or young adults Adrenal glands Fatigue Low blood pressure Muscle weakness Sometimes darkening of the skin Weight loss Inadequate production of cortisol and, sometimes, aldosterone Hormone replacement for cortisol and, if needed, aldosterone Allergic asthma Teenage years Lungs Constricted ai

The Scientist Staff
May 1, 2007

Top Autoimmune Diseases

DISEASE AGE OF ONSET IMPACTED TISSUES SYMPTOMS MECHANISM CURRENT TREATMENT
Addison's disease Children or young adults Adrenal glands
  • Fatigue
  • Low blood pressure
  • Muscle weakness
  • Sometimes darkening of the skin
  • Weight loss
Inadequate production of cortisol and, sometimes, aldosterone Hormone replacement for cortisol and, if needed, aldosterone
Allergic asthma Teenage years Lungs
  • Constricted airways
  • Inflamed airways
  • Exposure to allergens (e.g. pet dander, mold, etc.)
  • Immunoglobulin E (IgE) increases upon inhaling allergens
  • Prevent exposure
  • Bronchodilators
  • IgE blocker
Crohn's disease All age groups, but usually diagnosed between 20 and 30 years of age Digestive tract
  • Abdominal pain
  • Arthritis
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Weight loss
Inflamation, caused by tumor necrosis factor
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Corticosteroids
  • Immune suppressors
  • Nutritional supplements
  • Surgery
Type 1 Diabetes Childhood and young adult Islet cells in the pancreas
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Ketoacidosis
  • Celiac disease
Destruction of islets cells prevents the production of insulin Insulen replacement
Graves' disease Usually after the age...

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