Immune responses to vaccination can vary widely between individuals, potentially leading to poor or short-lived immunity under certain circumstances. Scientists turn to innovative approaches for optimal vaccine efficacy and durability, including examining the immune influences of the intestinal microbiome, circadian rhythms, and sex-specific factors and pathogen pre-exposure.

Download this ebook from The Scientist’s Creative Services Team to learn about new research avenues for improving the efficacy and durability of immune responses to vaccination.

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