Editor's Note: From 1988 to 1992, research papers by chemists at the University of California, Berkeley, were cited well over 11,000 times in subsequent articles. This total, according to data from the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) in Philadelphia, exceeds that of any other of the world's research centers--academic, corporate, or otherwise. However, in terms of the impact of its published chemistry articles--the average number of citations the papers received in subsequent articles-- Harvard University was the clear leader during that period.

A recent article in the ISI newsletter Science Watch reports that during those five years, a chemistry paper published by Harvard researchers was subsequently referred to, on average, more than nine times, while the average Berkeley paper received fewer than seven citations. Nevertheless, the impact of the Berkeley chemistry papers was still higher than that of any institution from outside the United States; although the margin was...

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