The Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs turns 30 on July 7. Leo Szilard, the physicist who since 1945 had been proposing just such a meeting of Russian and Western scientists to discuss arms control, was on hand at the first Pugwash gathering, called by Bertrand Russell and financed by Cyrus Eaton. One of the key figures in the Manhattan Project, Szilard had turned his considerable talents and energy to helping the world learn how to "live with the bomb." On August 15, 1957 he drafted a long letter to the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists regarding his impressions of the first Pugwash meeting. The following excerpts from that letter are taken from Toward a Livable World: Leo Szilard and the Crusade for Nuclear Arms Control (MIT Press, 1987) edited by Helen S. Hawkins and others.

The last issue of the Bulletin contained a description of the Pugwash meeting...

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