Editor's Note: This story, which discusses the salaries of men and women scientists, is the first of a two-part series on the National Science Foundation's Biennial Ph.D. Survey. The second part, which will focus on the salaries of scientists in various ethnic groups, will appear in the Sept. 16, 1991, issue of The Scientist.

Reinforcing the widely held belief that women scientists face inequalities in compensation, a recent National Science Foundation survey reveals that female Ph.D. researchers earn less than their male colleagues in every field of endeavor and employment sector.

NSF conducted the survey, scheduled for release later this year, in 1989. The agency surveyed 73,611 Ph.D. scientists with varying levels of experience, with an overall response rate of 55 percent. The findings show that the median annual salary for a female Ph.D. in chemistry was 19 percent less than what a man earned. Similarly, women biologists pulled in...

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