The 6.3 Mbp sequence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the bug responsible for most cystic fibrosis deaths, reveals lots of pumps and lots of regulation. As reported in the 31 August Nature, this, the largest bacterial genome sequenced thus far, is available thanks to an effort that used the shotgun sequencing capabilities of the University of Washington in Seattle and funding provided by the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation and Pathogenesis Corporation (Stover et al., Nature 2000, 406:959-964). The Foundation's next effort will be to make P. aeruginosa arrays available at a reasonable cost. With 5,570 predicted genes, P. aeruginosa has almost as many genes as budding yeast. This complexity is particularly apparent in regulation: a full 8-10% of the genes encode proteins with sequences similar to known regulators of gene expression. This may explain the bacteria's ability to live just about anywhere on just about anything. The sequence also...

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