Female researchers in the United States lead an international movement to improve the status of women in science careers, according to scientists and sociologists in the United States and Europe. Recent reports on the pay and working conditions of female professors in four Massachusetts Institute of Technology departments—inspired by an earlier report in that institution's School of Science—show that women receive lower pay than do men in comparable positions and miss out on important department appointments and specialized teaching assignments that can advance their careers.1

News of both reports, which have prompted promotions and salary increases, has circulated among scientists in Europe. Now European female scientists want to document their status in their own institutions. "It's very common for people to look at this in a nonscientific way, even scientists," says Christine Wenneras, associate professor of clinical bacteriology at Sahlgrenska University Hospital in Goteborg, Sweden.2 Department-by-department studies...

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