Some members fear that wealthy organizations like ACS and AAS may be losing sight of their charters as they pursue revenue

As an information specialist with Spring House, Pa.-based chemical manufacturer Rohm and Haas Co., chemist Joann Witiak is a regular user of the American Chemical Society's Chemical Abstract Service. She is also a member of the society.

So is Steve Weininger, a professor of chemistry at Worcester Polytechnic Institute in Massachusetts. Witiak generally pays about $68 per hour to search the service's popular Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) database. Weininger, who as an academic is entitled to work on the system during off-hours at a discount ranging as high as 85 percent, usually pays between $10 and $15 an hour to search the same database.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. Founded: 1884 Headquarters: New York City Membership: 300,000 1991 Membership Dues (for ~U. S. members): $83

Mission statement:...

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