WASHlNGTON—The National Institutes of Health has invited investigators to apply for grants in two key areas related to the mapping and sequencing of the human genome. The announcement is the latest step in the federal government's expanding efforts to mobilize the research community for this billion-dollar project.

The announcement, which appeared in the May 29 issue of the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts (Vol. 16. no. 18), represents a continuation of policies outlined at a meeting last October of the Advisory Committee to the Director of NIH. Participants at that meeting agreed that NIH should not abandon its current system of peer-reviewed grants to individual investigators in favor of a major initiative on the topic. The program announcement is an indication that NIH still holds to that policy.

Speculation that NIH might become more aggressive arose after an April 27 report to the Department of Energy from its Health...

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