First-place winner ($40,000 college scholarship): Ashley Reiter, 17, of Charlotte, N.C., a senior at the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics in Durham. For her project, she determined the dimensions of fractals generated by Pascal's Triangle and its higher-dimensional analogs.

Second-place winner ($30,000): Denis Lazarev, 17, of Fair Lawn, N.J.

Lazarev, who came to the U.S. from the Soviet Union in 1989, attends Elmwood Park Memorial High School. He completed a project in molecular genetics in which he analyzed the effect of ASF, a recently discovered regulatory protein, on RNA splicing.

Third-place winner ($20,000): William Ching, 17, of New York City, who attends Riverdale Country School in the Bronx. Ching discovered the presence of a chemical receptor for GABA-B in the optic nerve, providing a possible explanation of why baclofen, a related chemical, can be useful in treating spinal cord injuries and multiple sclerosis.


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