John Carbon, professor of biochemistry at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and Leland Hartwell, professor of genetics at the University of Washington, have been named American Cancer Society Research Professors.

The professorships, which were established in 1956, offer lifetime support and are usually awarded once a year. They generally pay one third of the researcher's salary up to a maximum of $50,000 annually, and are designed to relieve the researchers of administrative and teaching duties, thereby allowing them to spend more time doing cancer-related research.

If an American Cancer Society Research Professor, moving through his or her career, takes on an administrative position (such as David Baltimore, recently appointed president of the Rockefeller University) or achieves great financial success through other means, the scientist still retains the Research Professor title, but receives a discretionary fund of $10,000 annually instead of the full stipend. Among the scientists who have been...

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