Scientific Community Mourns The Loss Of Nobel Laureates Bardeen And Luria John Bardeen & Salvador E. Luria

John Bardeen, emeritus professor of electrical engineering and physics at the University of Illinois, and the first person to win two Nobel Prizes in the same field, died January 30, at the age of 82, of a heart attack at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. He had been visiting Boston to consult with specialists about his health problems.

In 1947, Bardeen, along with Walter Brattain and William P. Schockley, developed the first semiconductor transistor at AT&T Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, N.J. The invention was first used commercially in telephone switching equipment in 1952. The three scientists won the Nobel Prize in physics in 1956 for their invention, which heralded the dawn of modern electronics by replacing the vacuum tube.

In 1951, Bardeen joined the University of Illinois faculty, where he would...

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