In its 173rd annual business meeting last month, the New York Academy of Sciences (NYAS) honored four scientists for their contributions to science and society.

Vitali Goldanski, director of the Semonyov Institute of Chemical Physics of the USSR Academy of Sciences in Moscow, received the $2,000 NYAS Award for his work in chemical physics, nuclear physics, and chemistry and biophysics. The award also recognized Goldanski, the chairman of the Soviet Pugwash Group, for "his contributions to disarmament and arms control, and in opposition to neo-Nazism, censorship, and violations of civil rights."

Goldanski, 67, is a member of the Supreme Soviet and the Congress of People's Deputies. He has recently spoken out against anti-Semitism in his country (The Scientist, March 5, 1990, page 5). At the NYAS meeting he called for the ratification of a treaty banning all nuclear weapons tests.

NYAS gave its $5,000 Presidential Award to Anthony S. Fauci,...

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