As new graduates in science and engineering are learning, it is not as easy to get job offers as it was two or three years ago. However, as the number of graduates starts to fall with the drop in the college age population, employment opportunities are expected to expand, and many forecasters project significant shortages of EMPs—engineers, math and computer scientists, and physical scientists— through much of the next decade.

The key to correct forecasting, of course, is to be able to anticipate both the economy, and the decisions of the administration and Congress on allocation of federal funds. Continued emphasis on the President's Strategic Defense Initiative means more demand for physicists, computer specialists, aeronautical engineers and materials scientists. A decision to rebuild the nation's infrastructure would create demand for civil engineers and architects, while more funding for health research and care for an aging population or AIDS patients would...

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