AUTHOR: Elie A. Shneour, pp.14

The standing and credibility of the United States scientific community are under unprecedented political and economic challenge. At issue are such matters as animal rights terrorism; limits on reproductive and fetal research; discrediting of scientific evidence in the making of public policy; accountability in the management of research funds; and a parasitic bureaucracy purporting to define, review, and punish scientific misconduct.

The contrast with the post-World War II period could not be starker: Then, science was glorified with the invention of radar, the prospect of benevolent nuclear power, and the promise of more to come. Science was poised to enter the golden age of molecular biology and peer into the nature of our universe. Rep. John E. Fogarty (D-R.I.), working closely with National Institutes of Health director James A. Shannon (1955-1968), dedicated much of his legislative life to expanding the scope of biomedical research, while...

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