I believe my impression of a lack of opportunity for foreign scientists in upper-level academia currently is realistic. However, that is not the stated goal of my sponsoring program (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science), nor was it my own. The difficulties in attaining such a position are certainly enhanced by cultural differences; however, I do not believe that this reflects any cultural bias on the part of the Japanese. Their intention of generating research collaborations and dialogue is an opportunity that I eagerly recommend.
MICHAEL FRACE Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology Emory University School of Medicine Atlanta