Even as a new bill that would ban the cloning of human embryos is under consideration in the US House of Representatives, and another is expected in the Senate soon, the council of advisors appointed by President Bush to study the controversial issue remains deeply divided.

Members of the President's Council on Bioethics presented the findings of their report on human cloning Wednesday evening in a panel discussion at the Georgetown University Medical Center, in Washington, DC. The council's report, "Human Cloning and Human Dignity: An Ethical Inquiry," offered two alternative recommendations for national policy.

Both recommendations would ban cloning to produce children — a point on which council members were still unanimous. But the approach favored by a majority of the council — 10 of 18 member — would also place a four-year moratorium on human cloning for biomedical research while the issue is studied further. The minority...

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