Editor's Note: Now that the Cold War is history, it's clear that the United States' mighty defense and aerospace firms increasingly will be pursuing profit in areas other than the development of military weaponry. According to the newsletter Science Watch--published by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) in Philadelphia--the effectiveness with which these corporations refocus their product-development attention from swords to plowshares is likely to depend greatly on their basic scientific research capabilities. To gain insights on the research strengths of nine defense and aerospace giants, the newsletter undertook a study of their 1981-92 journal citation records. Following is Science Watch's report (4[1]:1-2, 1993), reprinted here with permission of the newsletter and ISI.

Many defense and aerospace firms in the United States and other nations are quickly discovering what it takes to survive in a post-Cold War world--and it's not business as usual.

As a wave of articles in financial...

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