Participants in working groups at the September planning meeting sponsored by the National Institutes of Health Office of Research on Women's Health brainstormed about the state of their fields, describing gaps in knowledge and making recommendations for future research directions. The groups concluded that more data are needed in several key areas in order to enable researchers and health care providers to accomplish the following goals.

    Cardiovascular Disease/Vascular Biology
  • evaluate chest pain in women
  • determine atherosclerotic processes in men and women
  • define lipid profiles and their manipulation in women
  • ascertain differential vascular effects of estrogens

    Neuroscience And Behavior

  • determine gender-specific brain functions
  • allow for interdisciplinary study of health and pathology, for example chronic pain
  • study genetic regulation of neural function in men and women
  • prove the influence of hormones on brain development and plasticity

    Immunology, Growth, And Development

  • demonstrate the effects of gender on basic immune systems
  • ascertain how life...

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