Francoise Barré-Sinoussi of the Institut Pasteur in Paris and Luc Montagnier, cofounder and director of the World Foundation for AIDS Research and Prevention, have won the 2008 Nobel in Physiology or Medicine for their the discovery of HIV. Harald zur Hausen of the German Cancer Research Center in Heidelberg also received the prize for his work identifying the human papilloma viruses and their role in cervical cancer. According to the Nobel Prize Committee, Barré-Sinoussi and Montagnier will share half the award, and zur Hausen will receive the other half. "I'm delighted that the Nobel Committee has chosen to give the Nobel prize this year to the discovery of two important viruses related to two extremely important human diseases," Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, told The Scientist. "My heartiest congratulations go out to Luc Montagnier, Francoise Barré-Sinoussi, and Harald zur Hausen." When a...

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