New YORK - The Soviet Union is considering proposals for a new science agreement with the United States that would replace a 1972 agreement that was allowed to lapse. The new agreement could he the highlight of this summer's superpower summit, if the two sides are unable to complete work by that time on a treaty to cut in half the number of strategic nuclear weapons.

Negotiations on a basic sciences agreement could begin within several weeks, according to Rd Mcsweegan a microbiologist at the National Institutes of Health. As a AAAS fellow last year McSweegan was a member of the State Department team that visited Moscow last October for exploratory talks.

American negotiators have proposed two significant changes in any future agreement with the Soviets. "We want it to be 'the basics,' said McSweegan "It's going to be in geology earth sciences, chemistry, life sciences, to take advantage of...

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