The National Center for Science Education (NCSE), a clearinghouse for information about evolution and the anti-evolutionist initiatives, reported more than one state or local difficulty per week in 1999 and 2000 related to the teaching of evolution. One of the prominent figures in the ongoing evolutionist vs. creationist debate is NCSE executive director Eugenie C. Scott, a physical anthropologist by training. Scott didn't intend to become embroiled in this issue; one of her graduate school professors gave her some creation science literature, and then, during her first teaching position at University of Kentucky in Lexington, a creationist group asked the board of education to include creation science in the curriculum. Scott ended up leading the fight against it.

"Because I was the one on campus with a box of creationist literature, I was responsible for organizing the responses," she recalls. She forged an alliance between scientists and mainstream clergy...

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