The 1994 Bower Award and Prize in Science--the most lucrative United States science prize--will be presented in May to Chen Ning Yang, a Nobel Prize-winning theoretical physicist. The $250,000 award is bestowed annually by Philadelphia's Franklin Institute to a "distinguished scientist for outstanding work in the life or physical sciences."

Yang is being honored for his work in forming the Yang-Mills theory, which is widely held by physicists to be as basic a contribution to science as Albert Einstein's theory of relativity. The theory is considered to be the foundation for current understanding of how subatomic particles interact, a contribution which has restructured modern physics and mathematics.

The award will be given to Yang on May 4 at the Franklin Institute Medal Awards Program. Yang, the first physicist to be honored with the five-year-old award, will receive a gold medal in addition to the cash prize. The size of the...

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