WASHINGTON, DC—Scientists and policymakers discussed the most pressing issues facing the science and technology enterprise at this year's annual colloquium held by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). The agenda included talks on intellectual property, research and development budget trends, visa restrictions, the ethics and lawfulness of cloning, and the establishment of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) director Elias Zerhouni outlined the NIH vision, noting challenges ahead including an aging population, a shift from research on acute diseases to chronic diseases, biodefense, and emerging and reemerging diseases. Zerhouni suggested that we will not know the full extent of the fruits of the NIH's budget doubling for several years, but he noted some recent accomplishments: hormone therapy trials, the acceleration of integrating technology into biomedical science, and the initial identification by an NIH-funded Hong Kong lab of the coronavirus thought to...

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