For this article, Karen Young Kreeger interviewed Rafi Ahmed, professor of microbiology and immunology and director of the Emory Vaccine Center, Emory University, Atlanta. Data from the Web of Science (ISI, Philadelphia) show that this paper has been cited significantly more often than the average paper of the same type and age.

K. Murali-Krishna, J.D. Altman, M. Suresh, D.J.D. Sourdive, A.J. Zajac, J.D. Miller, J. Slansky, and R. Ahmed, "Counting antigen-specific CD8 T cells: a reevaluation of bystander activation during viral infection," Immunity, 8:177-87, 1998. (Cited in about 191 papers since publication)

How the human body reacts to viruses is a perennial yet riveting topic of conversation, even at the tail end of the cold and flu season. Immunologists have long noted that during the acute phase of an antiviral immune response, there is sometimes a massive increase in the number of T cells displaying surface markers of...

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